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Medical Conditions found related to the search term: A
Abdominal aortic aneurysm screening
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) screening is a way of detecting a dangerous swelling (aneurysm) of the aorta the main blood vessel that runs from the heart, down through the abdomen to the rest of the body.
Aneurysm, abdominal aortic
An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a swelling (aneurysm) of the aorta the main blood vessel that leads away from the heart, down through the abdomen to the rest of the body.
An abscess is a painful collection of pus, usually caused by a bacterial infection. Abscesses can develop anywhere in the body.
Acanthosis nigricans is the medical term for darkened, thickened patches of skin that usually develop in the armpit and around the groin and neck.
Achalasia is a disorder of the gullet (oesophagus) where it loses the ability to move food along. The valve at the end of the gullet also fails to open and allow food to pass into your stomach.
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a common condition, where acid from the stomach leaks up into the oesophagus (gullet).
Acromegaly is a condition in which the body produces too much growth hormone, leading to the excess growth of body tissues over time.
Acupuncture is a treatmentderived from ancient Chinese medicine. Fine needles are inserted at certain sites in the body for therapeutic or preventative purposes.
Acute kidney injury
Acute kidney injury(AKI) is sudden damage to the kidneys that causes them to not work properly. It can range from minor loss of kidney function to complete kidney failure.
Acute pancreatitis is a serious condition where the pancreas becomes inflamed over a short period of time. Acute pancreatitis is a condition which occurs when the pancreas gland becomes inflamed.
Acute respiratory distress syndrome
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening medical condition where the lungs can't provide enough oxygen for the rest of the body.
Addisons disease (also known as primary adrenal insufficiency or hypoadrenalism) is a rare disorder of the adrenal glands.
Adenoids and adenoidectomy
An adenoidectomy is an operation to remove the adenoids.
Hirschsprung's disease is a rare condition that causes poo to become stuck in the bowels. It mainly affects babies and young children.
Agoraphobia is a fear of being in situations where escape might be difficult or that help wouldn't be available if things go wrong.
An air or gas embolism is a bubble that becomes trapped in a blood vessel and blocks it. This can lead to many different symptoms depending on where the blockage occurs. It's one of the leading causes of death among divers.
Alcohol misuse means drinking excessively more than the lower-risklimits of alcohol consumption.
Alcohol poisoning occurs when a person drinks a toxic amount of alcohol, usually over a short period of time ( binge drinking ).
Alcohol-related liver disease (ARLD) refers to liver damage caused by excess alcohol intake. There are several stages of severity and a range ofassociated symptoms.
The Alexander technique teaches improved posture and movement, which is believed to help reduce and prevent problems caused by unhelpful habits.
Alkaptonuria, or 'black urine disease', is a very rare inherited disorder that prevents the body fully breaking down two protein building blocks (amino acids) called tyrosine and phenylalanine.
Alzheimer's disease is the most common type of dementia, affecting an estimated 850,000 people in the UK.
Amniocentesis is a testyou may be offered during pregnancy to check if your baby has a genetic or chromosomal condition, such as Down's, Edwards' or Patau'ssyndromes.
An amputation is the surgical removal ofpart of the body,such asan arm or leg.
Amyloidosis is a group of rare but serious conditions caused by deposits of abnormal protein, called amyloid, in tissues and organs throughout the body.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
Motor neurone disease is a rare condition that progressively damages parts of the nervous system. This leads to muscle weakness, often with visible wasting.
Anaesthesia means "loss of sensation". Medications that cause anaesthesia are called anaesthetics.
Anal cancer are cancer cells that form into benign or malignant tumors in the tissues of the anus.
An anal fissure is a small cut or tear in the lining of the anus. The crack in the skin causes severe pain and some bright red bleeding during and after bowel movements. At times the fissure is deep enough to expose the muscle tissue underneath.
An anal fistula is a small tunnel that develops between the end of the bowel and the skin near the anus
Anal pain (proctalgia)
Anal pain (pain in the bottom) can be distressing, but is often just the result of a minor, treatable condition.
Anaphylaxis is a severe and potentially life-threatening reaction to a trigger such as an allergy.
Angelman syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the nervous system and causes severe physical and intellectual disability.
Angina is chest pain that occurs when the blood supply to the muscles of the heart is restricted. It usually happens because the arteries supplying the heart become hardened and narrowed.
Angioedema isswelling underneath the skin. It's usuallya reaction to a trigger, such as a medication or something you're allergic to.
Angiography is atype of X-ray used to check theblood vessels.
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a long-term (chronic) condition in whichthe spine and other areas of the body become inflamed.
Anorexia nervosa is a serious mental health condition. It's an eating disorder where a person keeps their body weight as low as possible.
Antacids are medicines that counteract (neutralise) the acid in your stomach to relieve Indigestion and heartburn .
Anticoagulants are medicines that help prevent blood clots. They're given to people at ahigh risk ofgetting clots, to reduce their chances of developingserious conditions such as strokes and heart attacks.
Antidepressants are a type of medication used to treat clinical depression or prevent it recurring.
Antifungal medicines are used to treat fungal infections, which are most commonly found on the skin, hair and nails.
Antihistamines are a type of medicineoften used totreat a number of allergic health conditions.
Antisocial personality disorder
Personality disorders are mental health conditions that affect how someonethinks, perceives, feels or relates to others.
Anxiety disorders in children
Its normal for children to feel worried or anxious from time to time, such as when theyre starting school or nursery, or moving to a new area.
Aortic valve replacement
An aortic valve replacement is a type of open heart surgery used to treat problems with the heart's aortic valve.
Aphasia is a condition that affects the brain and leads to problems using language correctly.
Appendicitis is a painful swelling of the appendix. The appendix is a small, thin pouch about 5-10cm (2-4 inches) long. It's connected to the large intestine, where stools (faeces) are formed.
A cardiac arrhythmia is when the heart beats too fast, too slowly or irregularly. These beating problems arise because of faults with the heart’s electrical system. Arrhythmias are caused by, or arise from, a range of conditions including heart failure, blackouts, syncope, electrolyte disturbances, thyroid disorders, infection, sudden cardiac arrest, heart attack, stroke, and cardiomyopathy.
Arterial thrombosis is a blood clot that develops in an artery. It's very dangerous, because it can obstruct the flow of blood to major organs.
Atherosclerosis is a narrowing of the arteries caused by a buildup of plaque. It’s also called arteriosclerosis or hardening of the arteries. Arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients from your heart to the rest of your body.
Arthritis is a common condition that causes pain and inflammation in a joint.
An arthroscopy is a type of keyhole surgery usedboth to diagnose and treat problems with joints.
Asbestosis is a chronic (long-term) lung condition caused by prolonged exposure to asbestos.
Autism spectrum disorder
The characteristics of autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) can vary both from person to person and across different environments.
Aspergillosis is the name of a group offungal conditionscaused by a mould called aspergillus.
Asthma is a common lung condition that causes occasional breathing difficulties.
Astigmatism is a common andusually minor eye condition that causes blurred or distortedvision.
Atrial fibrillation is a heart condition that causes an irregular and often abnormally fast heart rate.
Auditory processing disorder
Auditory processing disorder (APD) is a hearing or listening problem caused by the brain not processing sounds in the normal way.
The word allergy is derived from the Greek, allos ‘the other’ and ergon ‘action’ which is to mean a state of the organism, of the body, with differences in its reactivity
Appendicitis is the inflammation of the small intestine, where it meets the colon (in fact, it is a rudimentary extension of the gut, the function of which is yet unknown).
Acute gastritis is a sudden inflammation of the mucosa of the stomach. In cases of food poisoning or viral conditions, acute gastritis can be quickly diagnosed by means of acquiring a thorough history of the patient’s condition.
Acute bronchitis is a temporary inflammation of the airways, causing a cough and mucus production, lasting up to three weeks; acute bronchitis can affect people of all ages.
Angina pectoris (stenocardia) is the result of myocardial ischemia . Stenocardia is the medical term for chest pain or discomfort due to coronary heart disease.
Acute rheumatic myocarditis
Acute rheumatic myocarditis occurs when during a rheumatic attack (during which the articulations may or may not be affected), and inflammation of the myocardium occurs.
Atherosclerotic cardiosclerosis is a condition which is classified as an ischemic cardiopathy which is not accompanied with pain. This condition is clinically characterized by a degeneration of the muscle fibers which get subsequently substituted with connective tissue. This can occur as a consequence of atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, which is why it has been also termed coronary myocardial cardiosclerosis.