Medical Conditions

I have in total 1030 medical conditions

Locate medical conditions by their starting letter

Medical Conditions found related to the search term: L

Lumpy jaw (actinomycosis)

Actinomycosis is a rare type of bacterial infection caused by a group of bacteria called actinomycetaceae.

Leukaemia, acute lymphoblastic

Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia is a type of cancer that affects the white blood cells.It progresses rapidly and aggressively and requires immediate treatment. Both adults and children can be affected.

Leukaemia, acute myeloid

Leukaemia is cancer of the white blood cells. Acute leukaemia means it progresses rapidly and aggressively, and usually requires immediate treatment.

Lazy eye

A lazy eye (amblyopia) is a childhood condition where the vision in one eye doesn't develop properly. This usually means that the child can see less clearly out of the affected eye and relies more on the "good" eye.

Low dose aspirin

Aspirin is a common medicine that has a number of uses, from relieving pain to reducing the risk of serious problems such as heart attacks and strokes.

Low back pain

Back pain is a common problem that affects most people at some point in their life.

Low blood pressure

Low blood pressure, also knownas hypotension, is where blood pressure in your arteries is abnormally low.

Leaky gut syndrome

"Leaky gut syndrome" is a proposed conditionsome health practitioners claimisthe cause ofa wide range oflong-term conditions, including Myalgic encephalomyelitis and multiple sclerosis (MS) .

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Gallbladder removal surgery, also known as acholecystectomy, is a very common procedure.

Leukaemia, chronic lymphocytic

Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia is a type of cancer that affects the white blood cells and tends to progress slowly over many years.

Leukaemia, chronic myeloid

Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) is a type of cancer that affects the white blood cells and tends to progress slowly over many years.

Leg cramps

Leg cramps are a common and usually harmless condition where the muscles in yourleg suddenly become tight and painful.


Croup isa childhood condition that affects the windpipe (trachea), the airways to the lungs (the bronchi) and the voice box (larynx).


Most cuts and grazes are minor and can be easily treated at home.

Lewy body dementia

Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), also known as Lewy body dementia, is a commontype of dementia estimated toaffectmore than 100,000 people in the UK.


Dizziness is a common symptom thats not usually a sign of anything serious, but should beinvestigated by a doctor.

Leukaemia, hairy cell

Hairy cell leukaemia is one of the rarest types of leukaemia, which is Predictive genetic test for cancer risk genes of the white blood cells.

Lymphoma, Hodgkin

Hodgkin lymphoma is an uncommon cancer that develops in the lymphatic system, which is a network of vessels and glands spread throughout your body.


Long-sightedness affects the ability to see nearbyobjects. You may be able tosee distant objects clearly, butcloser objects are usually out of focus.

Labial fusion

Labial fusion, or labial adhesion, is when the small inner lips around the entrance to the vagina become sealed together.


Labyrinthitis is an inner ear infection. It causes a delicate structure deep inside your ear called the labyrinth to become inflamed, affecting your hearing and balance.



Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) is a very rare condition that affectsthe signals sent from the nerves to the muscles.


Laparoscopy is a type of surgical procedure that allows a surgeon to access the inside of the abdomen (tummy) and pelvis without having to make large incisions in the skin.

Laryngeal (larynx) cancer

Laryngeal cancer is a type of cancer thataffects the larynx (voice box).


Laryngitis is inflammation of the larynx (voice box). In most cases, it getsbetter without treatment in about aweek.


Laxatives are a type of medicine that can help you empty your bowels if you're having trouble going to the toilet.

Legionnaires' disease

Legionnaires disease is a serious lung infection caused by Legionella bacteria.


Leukoplakia is a white patch that develops in the mouth.

Lichen planus

Lichen planus is a non-infectious, itchy rash that can affect many areas of the body.

Lichen sclerosus

Lichen sclerosus is a long-term skin condition that mainly affects the skin of the genitals. It usually causes itching and white patches to appear on the affected skin.

Limping in children

Ifyour child is limping,it's usually the sign of a minor injury such as a sprain or splinter. However, if there's no obvious cause, see your GP as there may be a serious underlying medical condition.


Lipoedema is a long-term (chronic) condition typicallyinvolving an abnormal build-up of fat cells in the legs, thighs and buttocks.


Lipomas are soft, fatty lumps that grow under the skin. They're harmless and can usuallybe left alone if they're small and painless.


Listeriosis is an infection that usually develops after eating food contaminated by listeria bacteria.

Liver cancer

Primary liver cancer is an uncommon but serious type of cancer that begins in the liver.

Liver disease

There are more than 100 different types of liver disease, which together affect at least2 million people in the UK.

Liver transplant

A liver transplant is an operation to remove a diseased or damaged liver and replace it with a healthy one.

Local anaesthetic

Local anaesthesia involves numbing an area of the body using a type of medication called a local anaesthetic.

Loss of libido

Loss of libido (sex drive) is a common problemthat affectsmany men and womenat some point in their life.

Lumbar decompression surgery

Lumbar decompression surgery is a type of surgery used to treat compressed nerves in the lower (lumbar) spine.

Lumbar puncture

A lumbar puncture is a medical procedure where a needle is inserted into the lower part of the spine totest for conditions affecting the brain, spinal cord or other parts of the nervous system.

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is one of the most common and serious types of cancer. Around 44,500 people are diagnosed with the condition every year in the UK.

Lung transplant

A lung transplant is an operation to remove and replace a diseased lung with a healthy human lung from a donor.

Lyme disease

Lyme disease, or Lyme borreliosis,is a bacterial infectionspread to humans by infected ticks.


Lymphoedema is a long-term ( chronic) condition that causes swelling in the body's tissues. It can affect any part of the body, but usually develops in the arms or legs.