Gingivitis and periodontitis
Healthy gums should be pink, firm and keep your teeth securely in place. Your gums shouldn't bleed when you touch or brush them.
Gum disease isn't alwayspainful and you may be unaware you have it. It's important to have regular dental check-ups .
The initial symptoms of gum disease can include:
This stage of gum disease is called gingivitis.
Ifgingivitis is untreated, the tissues and bone that support the teeth can also become affected. This is known asperiodontitis, or periodontal disease.
Symptoms of periodontitis can include:
In rare cases, a condition calledacute necrotising ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) can develop suddenly. The symptoms of ANUG are usually more severe than those of gum disease and can include:
You should make an appointment to see your dentist if you think you may have gum disease or ANUG.
If you don't currently have a dentist, search for a dentist near you .
Gum disease is a very common condition where the gums become swollen, sore or infected.
Healthy gums should be pink, firm and keep your teeth securely in place. Your gums should not bleed when you touch or brush them.
Gum disease can be caused by a number of factors, but poor oral hygiene is the most common cause.
The best way to treat gum disease is to practise good oral hygiene, although additional dental and medical treatments are sometimes necessary.
If you develop gingivitis and do not have the plaque or tartar (hardened plaque) removed from your teeth, the condition may get worse and lead to periodontitis.