Gingivitis and periodontitis
If you develop gingivitis and don't have the plaque or tartar (hardened plaque) removed from your teeth,the condition may get worse and lead to periodontitis.
You may develop further complicationsif you don't treat periodontitis (where the tissue that supports teeth is affected),including:
If you have acute necrotising ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) and it'snot treated, it can cause more severe complications.
The infection can spread to all areas of your gums and the alveolar bone surrounding your teeth. This can lead to:
If ANUG isn't properly treated the first time you have it, you're more likely to have recurring cases inthe future. This can cause persistent bad breath (halitosis) and bleeding gums, as well as gradually receding gums.
In rare cases, ANUG can lead to gangrene affecting the lips and cheeks. This occurs when tissue starts to die and waste away. If you developgangrene, you may needto have the dead tissue removed.
Gum disease has also been associated with an increased riskfora number of other health conditions, including:
However, while people with gum disease may have an increased risk of these problems, there isn't currently any clear evidence that gum disease directly causes them.
Gum disease is a very common condition where the gums become swollen, sore or infected.
Healthy gums should be pink, firm and keep your teeth securely in place. Your gums should not bleed when you touch or brush them.
Gum disease can be caused by a number of factors, but poor oral hygiene is the most common cause.
The best way to treat gum disease is to practise good oral hygiene, although additional dental and medical treatments are sometimes necessary.
If you develop gingivitis and do not have the plaque or tartar (hardened plaque) removed from your teeth, the condition may get worse and lead to periodontitis.