Restricted growth, sometimes known as dwarfism,is a condition characterised by short stature.

There are two main types of restricted growth:

  • proportionate short stature (PSS) a general lack of growth, where the length of the trunk and limbs arein proportion
  • disproportionate short stature (DSS) where the limbsare shorter or out of proportion with other parts of the body

As well as having short stature, some people with restricted growth also have other physical problems, such as bowed legs or an unusually curved spine.

However, most people don't have any other serious problems. They can often live a relatively normal life and have a normal life expectancy.

Many children born with DSS have parents of average height and the faulty genecausing the condition occurred by chance.

If your child is diagnosed with restricted growth, tests will be carried out to try to identify the underlying cause.

A number of differenthealthcare professionals will usually be involved in your care.

Some people with restricted growthmay benefit from treatment with growth hormone injections, which canhelp a child with restricted growth grow morethan they otherwise would.

In cases of DSS where the legs are particularly short, a leg-lengthening procedure is sometimes used, although this is controversial and there is uncertainty aboutits safety and effectiveness.

Readmore about treatments for restricted growth.

Content supplied by the NHS Website

Medically Reviewed by a doctor on 29 Nov 2016