Kyphosisis curvature of the spine that causes the topof the back to appear more rounded than normal.
Everyone has some degree of curvature in their spine. However, a curve of more than45 degrees is considered excessive.
Sometimes kyphosis doesn'tcause any symptoms other than the back appearing abnormally curved or hunched. However, in some cases the condition causes:
Back pain can be particularly problematic in adults with kyphosis because the body has to compensate for the spinal abnormality.
If you havesevere kyphosis, your symptoms may get worse over time. You may also have difficulty breathing and eating.
In kyphosis, the normal curve in the middle section of vertebral column (the thoracic vertebrae) is more curved than normal. There are a number of reasons whythis might happen, including:
Kyphosis can also develop as a result of a spinal injury.
Children with kyphosis may be able to be treated using non-surgical methods, such as bracing, to limit the progression of kyphosis as they grow. Treatment for mild kyphosis may not be necessary.
Kyphosis rarely requires surgical treatment. It's only needed in some severe cases to correct the curvature of the spine.
Some children can become socially withdrawn and they may be reluctant to take part in activities, such as PE, where their condition may be exposed.
There are no easy answers to these problems, but it can sometimes help to reassure your child that their feelings will improve with time.
Complications of kyphosis usually only occur in more severe cases. They include:
Occasionally, people with kyphosis can have difficulties when the nerves running through the spine become compressed or pinched. This can disrupt nerve signals and cause symptoms such as:
These serious complications require urgent medical attention and surgery would usually be recommended.
Postural kyphosis can be prevented by being aware of your posture and by taking care of your back. You should encourage your child to:
Kyphosis is a condition where the top of the back is excessively curved and appears more rounded than normal.
Kyphosis is often caused by poor posture during childhood. It can also be the result of abnormal shaped vertebrae or developmental problems with the spine.
Kyphosis can usually be diagnosed by examining your spine and taking an X-ray.