Forms of FGM

There are four main types of FGM:

  • Type 1 (clitoridectomy) removing part or all of the clitoris.
  • Type 2 (excision) removing part or all of the clitoris and the inner labia (lips that surround the vagina), with or without removal of the labia majora (larger outer lips).
  • Type 3(infibulation) narrowing of the vaginal opening by creating a seal, formed by cutting and repositioningthe labia.
  • Other harmful procedures to the female genitals, including pricking, piercing, cutting, scrapingor burning the area.

FGM is oftenperformed by traditional circumcisers or cutters who do not have any medical training.However, in some countries it may be done by a medical professional.

Anaesthesia and antiseptics aren't generally used, and FGMis often carried out using knives, scissors, scalpels, pieces of glass or razor blades.

FGM often happens against a girl's will without her consent and girls may have to be forcibly restrained.

Content supplied by the NHS Website

Medically Reviewed by a doctor on 21 Dec 2018