Stomach aches are a type of pain which is mostly felt in the upper part of the belly (the solar plexus), which also extends to the tummy, characterized by a feeling of constriction, which can alter in severity as time progresses.
Flatulence is an increase in trapped gas in the digestive system. With the increase of such gases in the stomach and gut, they cause the belly to inflate, and pain in the stomach and belly. While eating and drinking we also swallow air, and air is produced during digestion.
For a variety of causes, the balance between factors that participate in digestion is disrupted, and thus the patient suffers from a bloated, inflated feeling, and stomach and belly pain.
The patient is recommended to take medication in order to release the trapped gas through the mouth (burping) or the anus, or to drink plant-based teas.
Indigestion is a term used by patients and doctors alike, related to a variety of symptoms related to the intake of food.
At times, the same term could something different when the patient is using it, which is why the doctor often asks :
These are all questions which relate to the same condition, dyspepsia (disruption in digestion).
When we consume food, the stomach produces liquids which aid in the digestion of food (peptic acid, for one). When too much of this acid is being produced, this causes an irritation of the stomach, gut and esophagus.
Stomach and tummy pain could be caused by:
Constipation is an inability to defecate, inability to excrete the fecal matter in the colon in a timely and regular manner. A normal individual defecates once every 24 hours, without constriction or pain.
Constipation could be caused by:
Patients are recommended to
Another causative agent of tummy ache is gastroenteritis (viral or bacterial), which could come as a consequence of consuming stale, or rotten food. (Food poisoning) In these cases, the patient feels fatigue, defecates frequently, could have a fever, vomits, experiences headache, and of course belly pain.
In these cases it is recommended to use medication for suppression of vomiting such as metoclopramide, and upon successful suppression, compensation for the dehydration by plentiful drinking.
Paracetamol may be prescribed to lower the fever and belly ache.
It is recommended to consume non-fibrous foods, such as rice, pasta, bread and soup. It is also recommended to consume medication targeted toward restoring the bacterial flora of the stomach, or medication against diarrhea.
In conclusion, the aforementioned are some of the causes of tummy pain, which can spread to several areas in the belly, can last for various amounts of time to varying degrees of pain. They can be easily manageable, or more severe.
Intermittent abdominal aches, are a type of pain which could arise and then subside, and then arise once again and so on. The pain could be localized in one area of the tummy or be felt in various parts, be more severe or light.
The pain could be experienced in periods of alleviation and sudden severe recurrence, in which case they usually require medication in order to subside again.
Intermittent abdominal aches can be caused by
For each of these conditions, the appropriate medication can be acquired upon visitation by a physician.
Sudden abdominal aches which can occur while the patient is otherwise perfectly healthy. These aches could immediately begin at high levels of pain, or they can start light and develop in severity.
These types of pain cannot usually be alleviated by common pain medication (paracetamol), and these types of abdominal pains are often accompanied by other symptoms depending on the specific disease that is causing them.
Sudden abdominal aches can be caused by the following diseases:
In these cases, the patient should immediately refer to a doctor or hospital to receive the appropriate medical care.
Abdominal pain with flare ups and remissions is used to describe pain in severe diseases of the organs in the abdominal cavity.
These types of diseases are said to be in remission, following treatment via surgery or heavy medication. When the disease begins to reappear once again, all of the symptoms flare up again, including abdominal pain.
Diseases which can cause such types of pain include lymphomas, various cancers of the abdominal organs (gut, stomach liver etc), which based on the medication and treatment that the patient receives, could disappear and flare up again, or disappear completely after some time.
Pain and inflammation of the gallbladder is localized:
Pancreatic pain is localized:
Pain around the navel:
Pain underneath the navel:
Myths about tummy ache
Abdominal pain with flare ups and remissions is used to describe pain in severe diseases of the organs in the abdominal cavity. These types of diseases are said to be in remission, following treatment via surgery or heavy medication.
A stomach ache, including stomach cramps or abdominal pain, doesn't usually last long and isn't usually caused by anything serious. Some common causes of a stomach ache include: trapped wind (flatulence), pain or discomfort after eating (indigestion), being unable to poo (constipation), speak to your pharmacist for advice about medications to help ease symptoms of these conditions.
Some of the possible causes of sudden, severe abdominal pain include: appendicitis swelling of the appendix that causes agonizing pain in the lower right-hand side of your abdomen, a bleeding or perforated stomach ulcer a bleeding, open sore in the lining of your stomach. Some of the possible causes of long-term or recurring abdominal pain include: irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), etc.
See your GP or call NHS 111 if you're worried or need advice about your symptoms. For example, if: the pain gets much worse in a short space of time, the pain won't go away or keeps returning, etc. Call 999 for an ambulance or go to your nearest hospital accident and emergency (A&E) if you: have sudden, severe stomach pain, feel pain when you touch your stomach, etc.