Short-sightedness, or myopia,is a very common eye condition that causes distant objects to appear blurred, while close objects can be seen clearly.
It's thought to affect up toone inthree people in the UK and is becoming more common.
Short-sightedness can range from mild, where treatment may not be required, to severe, where a person's vision is significantly affected.
Thecondition usuallystarts around puberty and gets gradually worse until the eye is fully grown, but it can also develop in very young children.
Signs that your child may be short-sighted can include:
If you think you or your child may be short-sighted, you should book an eye test at a local opticians. Find an opticians near you .
You should have a routine eye test at least every two years, but you can have a test at any point if you have any concerns about your vision.
An eye test can confirm whether you're short or long-sighted , and you can be given a prescription forglasses or contact lenses to correct your vision.
For some people such as childrenunder 16, orthose under 19 and in full-time education eye tests are available free of charge on the NHS. Read about NHS eyecare entitlements to check if you qualify.
Instead, the light rays focus justin front of the retina, resulting in distantobjects appearing blurred.
It's not clear exactly why this happens, but it often runs in families and has been linked to focusing on nearby objects, such as books and computers, for long periods during childhood.
Ensuring your child regularly spends time playing outside may help to reduce their risk of becoming short-sighted.
Short-sightedness can usually be correctedeffectively with a number of treatments.
The main treatments are:
Someadults with severe short-sightedness and young children with untreated short-sightedness are more likely to develop other eye problems.
These can include:
Short-sightedness, or myopia, is a very common eye condition that causes distant objects to appear blurred, while close objects can be seen clearly.
Short-sightedness (myopia) usually occurs when the eyes grow slightly too long, which means they're unable to produce a clear image of objects in the distance.
You can find out if you have short-sightedness (myopia) by having an eye test at your local opticians.