Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is the name given to the physical, psychological and behavioural symptoms that can occur in the two weeks before a woman's monthly period. It's also known as premenstrual tension (PMT).
There are many different symptoms of PMS, but typical examples are:
These symptoms usually improve when your period starts and disappear a few days afterwards.
Nearly all women of childbearing age have some premenstrual symptoms, but women in theirlate 20sto theirearly 40s are most likely to experience PMS.
Around 1 in every 20 women have symptoms that are severe enough to stop them living their normal lives. This is often the result of a more intense type of PMS known as premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).
However, it's thought to be linked to the changing levels of hormones in the body during a woman's menstrual cycle.
The fact that PMS improves during pregnancy and after the menopause , when hormone levels are stable, supports this theory.
Certain lifestyle factors are also thought to aggravate the symptoms of PMS, including:
Read moreabout the causes of PMS .
Certain lifestyle changes may helpyou managePMS if your symptoms aren't severe. These include:
Psychological therapy or hormone medications may be recommended in more severe cases.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is the name given to the range of symptoms that can occur in the two weeks before a woman's monthly period.
There are many different symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), which can vary from person to person and change slightly every month.
The exact cause of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is not fully understood, but there are a number of things that may contribute to the symptoms.