Haemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swellings containing enlarged blood vessels found inside or around the bottom (the rectum and anus).
In many cases,haemorrhoids don't cause symptoms and some peopledon't even realise they have them.
However, when symptoms do occur, they may include:
Haemorrhoids aren't usually painful, unless their blood supply slows down or is interrupted.
See your GP ifyou have persistent or severe symptoms of haemorrhoids. You should always get any rectal bleeding checked so your doctor can rule out more potentially serious causes.
The symptoms of haemorrhoids often clear up on their own, or by using simple treatments that can be bought from a pharmacy without a prescription.
Speak to your GP if your symptoms don't get better or you experience pain or bleeding.
Your GP can often diagnose haemorrhoids using a simple internal examination of your back passage, although they may need to refer you to a colorectal specialist for diagnosis and treatment.
Some people with haemorrhoids are reluctant to see their GP. But there's no need to be embarrassed GPs are very used to diagnosing and treating haemorrhoids.
This pressure can cause the blood vessels in your back passage to become swollen and inflamed.
Many cases are thought to be caused by too much straining on the toilet as a result ofprolonged constipation . This is oftencaused bya lack offibre in a person's diet.
Chronic (long-term) diarrhoea can also make you more vulnerable to getting haemorrhoids.
Other factors that might increase your risk of developing haemorrhoids include:
Haemorrhoid symptoms oftensettle down aftera few days without needing treatment. Haemorrhoids that occur during pregnancy often get better after giving birth.
Making lifestyle changes to reduce the strain onthe blood vessels in and around your anus is often recommended.
These can include:
These measures can also reducethe risk of haemorrhoids returning or even developingin the first place.
Medication that you apply directly to your back passage (topical treatments) or tablets bought from a pharmacy or prescribed by your GP may ease your symptoms and make it easier for you to pass stools.
There are various treatment options for more severe haemorrhoids. One of these options is banding, a non-surgical procedure where a very tight elastic band is put around the base of the haemorrhoid to cut offits bloodsupply. The haemorrhoid should fall offafter about a week.
Surgery carried out under general anaesthetic , where you're unconscious, is sometimesused toremove or shrinklarge or external haemorrhoids.
and surgery for haemorrhoids .
Haemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swellings containing enlarged blood vessels that are found inside or around the bottom (the rectum and anus).
Haemorrhoids (piles) can easily be diagnosed by your GP. To do so, they will examine your back passage to check for swollen blood vessels.
Read about the treatments for haemorrhoids (piles), which include making dietary changes, non-surgical treatments such as banding, and surgery to remove or shrink them.