Hip dysplasia (children)
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a condition where the 'ball and socket' joint of the hips doesn't properly form in babies and young children.
It's sometimes known as congenital hip dislocation or hip dysplasia.
The hip joint attaches the thigh bone (femur) to the pelvis. The top of the femur (femoral head) is rounded like a ball and sits inside the cup-shaped hip socket.
In DDH, the socket of the hip is too shallow and the femoral head isn't held tightly in place, so the hip joint is loose. In severe cases, the femur can come out of the socket (dislocate).
DDH may affect one or both hips but is more common in the left hip. It's also more common in girls and firstborn children. About 1 or 2 in every 1,000 babies have DDH that needs treating.
Without treatment, DDH may lead to problems later in life, including:
With early diagnosis and treatment, most children are able to develop normally and have a full range of movement in their hip.
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in children is a condition where the 'ball and socket' joint of the hips doesn't properly form in babies and young children.
Within 72 hours of giving birth, your baby's hips will be checked as part of the newborn physical examination . Another hip examination is carried out when your baby is between six and eight weeks old
Pavlik harness Babies diagnosed with DDH early in life are usually treated with a fabric splint known as a Pavlik harness. This secures both of your baby's hips in a stable position and allows them to
The newborn physical examination and the check at six to eight weeks aim to diagnose DDH early. However, sometimes hip problems can develop after these checks. It's important to contact your GP as soo
It's important to remember that DDH can't be prevented and it's nobody's fault. A baby's hips are naturally more flexible for a short period after birth. However, if your baby spends a lot of time tig