Weight loss surgery
Weight loss surgery is only recommended for peoplewith a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or more, or a BMI of 35-40 and a serious health condition that could be improved if you lose weight, such as type 2 diabetes or high blood pressure.
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) also recommends that weight loss surgery should only be offered on the NHS if all the following conditions apply:
Read the full NICE guidelines on identification, assessment and management of overweight and obesity in children, young people and adults .
There may be slightly different criteria with your localclinical commissioning group (CCG) ,which could affect your access to surgery.
People who have recently been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes may be considered for an assessment for weight loss surgery if they have a BMI of 30-34.9.
This may only be consideredaslong as they've been receiving or will receive intensive management from a multidisciplinary team of specialists led by a clinician.
Weight loss surgery may not be recommended if you have a serious illness that would not be improved after the operation, such as:
Weight loss surgeryis also unlikely tobe recommended ifa mental health condition or otherunderlyingfactor meansyou'd be unableto commit to long-term follow-up and lifestyle changes.
Weight loss surgery would only be considered to treat obese children in exceptional circumstances, and only if the child is physically mature (around theage of13 for girls and 15 for boys).
Most experts in obesity would only recommend surgery as a last resort treatment for children who are severely morbidly obese (a BMI of 50 of above), or who are morbidly obese (a BMI of 40 or above) and also have a serious health condition that would improve if they lost weight.
Read the NICE guidelines onmanaging overweight and obesity among children and young people .
Weight loss surgery, also called bariatric surgery, is used to treat people who are dangerously obese.
Weight loss surgery is only recommended for people with a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or more, or a BMI of 35-40 and a serious health condition that could be improved if you lose weight, such as type 2 diabetes or high blood pressure.
Weight loss surgery and adapting to life after surgery is a challenging process, requiring the input of many different medical professionals working together as a team.
The three most widely used types of weight loss surgery are gastric banding and sleeve gastrectomy, both based on restriction, and gastric bypass, which uses a combination of restriction and malabsorption.
After weight loss surgery, you'll need a few days to recover. It may also be several weeks or months before you can resume normal activities.
It's very important to stick to your recommended diet plan after surgery
As long as you stick to the diet and exercise recommendations, all types of weight loss surgery can achieve good, and often impressive, results.
The rapid weight loss associated with weight loss surgery can cause a number of side effects and has a number of risks.