Less common causes of swollen glands

Less often, swollen glandsmay be the result of:

  • rubella a viral infection that causes a red-pink skin rash made up of small spots
  • measles a highly infectious viral illnessthat causes distinctivered or brown spots on the skin
  • cytomegalovirus (CMV) a common virus spread through bodily fluids, such as saliva and urine
  • tuberculosis (TB) a bacterial infection spreadthat causes a persistent cough
  • syphilis a bacterial infectionusually caught by having sex with someone who is infected
  • cat scratch disease a bacterial infection caused by a scratch from an infectedcat
  • HIV a virusthat attacks the immune system and weakens your ability to fight infections
  • lupus where the immune system starts to attack the body's joints, skin, blood cells and organs
  • rheumatoid arthritis where the immune system starts to attack the tissue lining the joints
  • sarcoidosis where small patches of red and swollen tissue, called granulomas, develop in the organs of the body

Click on the links above for more informationon these conditions.

Content supplied by the NHS Website

Medically Reviewed by a doctor on 21 Dec 2018