A vaccination offering protection against rabies is recommended for people who are felt to be at risk.
In the UK,the rabies vaccination is offered to:
Itis also recommended for:
The GOV.UKwebsite provides adetailed list of countries that have rabiesin domestic animals or wildlife.
Two rabies vaccines are available in the UK. Vaccination usually requires a course of three doses for protection. The second dose is given seven days after the first. The third dose is given 21 or 28 days after the first, depending on which vaccine is used.
The injections aren't painful and are given into your upper arm. There are usually no serious side effects. Vaccination should be completed before your departure to allow your body time to develop full immunity.
Bat handlers who regularly handle bats are entitled to afree pre-exposure vaccineon the NHS your GP will order this from Public Health England. For other groups,the vaccine is not available on the NHS and should be obtained through their employer's occupational health department.
If you need to pay for the vaccination privately, you can either visit your GP surgery or a travel clinic. The price for the complete course of three doses ranges from 120 to 170.
As a general rule, pregnant women are usually advised to avoid rabies vaccinations. Thevaccine is usually only recommended if the potential risk of exposure to rabies is thought to be high and there is limited access to medical care.
For people who continue to be at risk of rabies exposure (because of their job, for example), further doses of the vaccineare needed to maintain immunity.
In thesecases,a single reinforcing dose of vaccine should be given one year after the first courseis completed. Further doses should be given at three- to five-year intervals after that.
After having the rabies vaccine, some people experience temporary soreness, redness and swelling at the injection site for 24 to 48 hours after the vaccination. In rare cases, some people may also experience:
Severe reactions are very rare.
Rabies is a very serious viral infection that targets the brain and nervous system. It is spread to humans through the saliva of infected animals.
The initial symptoms of rabies are mild, but they can quickly become serious.
Treatment for rabies will depend on whether you have started to show signs or symptoms.