Haemophilia can be diagnosed before, during or after birth if there's a family history of the condition. Several options are available to parents.
If there's no family history of haemophilia, it's usually only diagnosed when a child begins to walk or crawl. They may experience joint bleeds or easy bruising.
Mild haemophilia may only be discovered later, usually after an injury or a dental or surgical procedure.
Genetic testing and counselling are available to help determine the risk of passing the condition onto a child.
This may involve testing a sample of your tissue or blood to look for signs of the genetic mutation that causes haemophilia.
If you become pregnant and have a history of haemophilia in your family, tests for the haemophilia gene can be carried out.
There's a small risk of these procedures causing problems such as miscarriage or premature labour , so you may want to discuss this with the doctor in charge of your care.
If haemophilia is suspected after your child has been born, a blood test can usually confirm the diagnosis. Blood from the umbilical cord can be tested at birth if there's a family history of haemophilia.
A blood test will also be able to identify whether your child has haemophilia A or B, and how severe it is.
Haemophilia is an inherited condition that affects the blood's ability to clot. Normally, when you cut yourself, substances in the blood known as clotting factors combine with blood cells called platelets to make the blood sticky
The symptoms of haemophilia vary, depending on how severe the condition is, but the main sign is prolonged bleeding. The symptoms of an intracranial haemorrhage include: severe headache, stiff neck, vomiting, a change in mental state such as confusion, etc.
Haemophilia is caused by an inherited genetic mutation that mainly affects males, due to the way it's passed from a parent to their child. A genetic mutation is a permanent alteration in the DNA sequence that makes up a gene.
Haemophilia can be diagnosed before, during or after birth if there's a family history of the condition. Several options are available to parents. If there's no family history of haemophilia, it's usually only diagnosed when a child begins to walk or crawl.
If your child is diagnosed with haemophilia, their recommended treatment plan will depend on how severe their haemophilia is. There are two main approaches to treatment: preventative treatment and on-demand treatment.
Some people who take blood clotting factor medication may develop certain antibodies in their immune system, known as inhibitors.This happens if the immune system starts to treat clotting factors as foreign objects (like germs) and tries to block their effects.
With treatment, most people with haemophilia can live a normal life. However, there are some things you'll need to be careful of. You should avoid contact sports such as rugby. You also need to be careful taking other medications, because some can interfere with your blood's ability to clot.