There are several different treatments for glaucoma, including eye drops, laser treatment and surgery. The best treatment for you will depend on your circumstances.
Treatment can't reverse any loss of vision that has already occurred, but can help stop your vision getting any worse.
This page covers:
Your treatment largely depends on which type of glaucoma you have.
You will also often be advised to attend regular follow-up appointments to monitor your eyes and check that treatment is working. It's important not to miss any of these appointments.
The main treatments are described below.
Eye drops are the main treatment for glaucoma.
There are several different types that can be used, but they all work by reducing the pressure in your eyes.
The main types of eye drops are:
Eye drops can cause unpleasant side effects, such as eye irritation, and some aren't suitable for people with certain underlying conditions.
You may need to try several types before you find the one that works best for you. Sometimes you may need to use more than one type at a time.
Eye drops are normally used between one and four times a day.
It's important to use them as directed, even if you haven't noticed any problems with your vision, because your sight is at risk if you don't stick to your recommended treatment.
To use eye drops:
If you're using two different types of eye drops, allow at leastfive minutes between using the different types.
If eye drops don't improve your symptoms, laser treatment may be recommended.
This is where ahigh-energy beam of light is carefully aimed at part of your eye, to stop fluid building up inside it.
Types of laser treatment include:
Laser treatment is usually carried out while you're awake. Local anaesthetic drops areused to numb your eyes, although you may feel a brief twinge of pain or heat during the procedure.
You may still need to use eye drops after having laser treatment.
Surgery may be recommended as an alternative to laser treatment in some cases.
Types of glaucoma surgery include:
Glaucoma surgerymaybe carried out under local anaesthetic (where you're awake) or general anaesthetic (where you're asleep).
Find out about glaucoma, including what it is, what the symptoms are, why it happens and how it's treated.
Find out about the main types of glaucoma, including open angle glaucoma and angle closure glaucoma.
Find out why glaucoma happens, including what can increase your risk of developing the condition.
Find out where to get tested for glaucoma and what tests may be carried out to diagnose the condition.
Find out about the main treatments for glaucoma, including eye drops, laser treatment and surgery.
Read about Linda Moore, who has had open angular glaucoma since she was 39.She runs the Poole Glaucoma Support Group, which supports people with glaucoma.