This article provides information and guidance about hands-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and CPR with rescue breaths.
To carry out a chest compression:
When you call for an ambulance, telephone systems now exist that can give basic life-saving instructions, including advice about CPR. These are now common and are easily accessible with mobile phones.
If you've been trained in CPR, including rescue breaths, and feel confident using your skills, you should give chest compressions with rescue breaths. If you're not completely confident, attempt hands-only CPR instead (see above).
Find out what to do in emergency situations such as anaphylaxis, bleeding, burns and scalds, choking, drowning, electrocution, fractures, heart attacks, poisoning, shock and stroke. If someone is injured you should: first check that you and the casualty aren't in any danger, and, if possible, make the situation safe, if necessary, dial 999 or 112 for an ambulance when it's safe to do so, carry out basic first aid. Use hands-only CPR if you aren't trained to perform rescue breaths.
If someone is injured in an incident, first, make sure both you and the casualty are safe. Next, check the casualty's airway, breathing and circulation. If the casualty appears unresponsive, ask them loudly if they're OK and if they can open their eyes. If they respond, you can leave them in the position they're in until help arrives.
This article provides information and guidance about hands-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and CPR with rescue breaths. If you're not completely confident, attempt hands-only CPR instead, for: adults, Children over one year old, Infants under one year old.
If a person is unconscious but is breathing and has no other life-threatening conditions, they should be placed in the recovery position. Putting someone in the recovery position will keep their airway clear and open. It also ensures that any vomit or fluid won't cause them to choke. If you think a person may have a spinal injury, don't attempt to move them until the emergency services reach you.