Medical Conditions

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Medical Conditions found related to the search term: G

Gallbladder inflammation

Gallbladder inflammation , referred to as acute cholecystitis is usually occurs when a gallstone blocks the cystic duct. Gallstones are small stones, usually made of cholesterol, that form in the gallbladder.

Gluten intolerance

Coeliac disease is a common digestive condition where the small intestine becomes inflamed and unable to absorb nutrients.


A ganglion cyst is a fluid-filled swelling that usually develops near a joint or tendon. The cyst can range fromthe size of a pea to the size of a golf ball.

Glutaric aciduria type 1 (GA1)

Glutaric aciduria type 1 (GA1) is a rare but serious inherited condition. It means the body cant process certain amino acids ("building blocks" of protein), causing a harmful build-up of substances in the blood and urine.

Generalised anxiety disorder

Anxiety is a feeling of unease, such as worry or fear, that can be mild or severe.

Gallbladder cancer

Gallbladder cancer is very rare. Around 800 people in the UKare diagnosed with the condition each year.


Gallstones are small stones, usually made of cholesterol, that form in the gallbladder. In most cases they don't cause any symptoms and don't need to be treated.


Gangrene is a serious condition where a loss of blood supply causes body tissue to die. It can affect any part of the body but typically starts in the toes, feet, fingers and hands.


Gastroenteritis, gastric flu, is a very common condition that causes diarrhoea and vomiting. It's usually caused by a bacterial or viral tummy bug.


Gastritisoccurs when thelining of the stomach becomes inflamed after it's been damaged. It's a common condition with a wide range of causes.


Gastroparesis is a long-term(chronic) condition where the stomach can't empty itself in the normal way.Food passes through the stomach more slowly than usual.


A gastroscopy is a procedure where a thin, flexible tube called an end oscope is used to look inside the oesophagus (gullet), stomach and first part of the small intestine (duodenum).

General anaesthetic

General anaesthesia is a state of controlled unconsciousness. During a general anaesthetic, medications are used to send you to sleep, so you're unaware of surgery and don't move or feel pain while it's carried out.


Genetics is the branch of science that deals with how you inherit physical and behavioural characteristics, including medical conditions.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy and usually disappears after giving birth. It can occur at any stage of pregnancy, but is more common in the second half.


Giardiasis is an infection of the digestive system caused by tiny parasites called Giardia intestinalis (also known as Giardia lamblia, or Giardia duodenalis).

Gilbert's syndrome

In Gilberts syndrome, slightly higher than normallevels of a substance called bilirubin build up in the blood.

Gingivitis and periodontitis

Gum diseaseis a very common condition where the gums become swollen,sore or infected .


Glaucoma is an eye condition where theoptic nerve, which connects your eye to your brain,becomes damaged. It can lead to loss of vision if not detected and treated early on.


Glomerulonephritis is damage to the tiny filters inside your kidneys (the glomeruli). It's often caused by your immune system attacking healthy body tissue.


A goitre (sometimes spelt " goiter " ) is a swelling of the thyroid gland that causes a lump to form in the front of theneck. The lump will move up and down when you swallow.


Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae or gonococcus. It used to be known as 'the clap'.


Gout is a type of arthritis in which small crystals are deposited form inside and around the joints. It causes sudden attacks of severe pain and swelling.

Granuloma annulare

Granuloma annulare is a long-lasting rash thatlooks like a ring of small red or skin-coloured bumps.

Guillain-Barré syndrome

Guillain-Barr (pronounced ghee-yan bar-ray) syndrome is a very rare and serious condition that affects the nerves.

Gum disease

Gum disease is a very common condition where the gums become swollen, sore or infected.If you have gum disease, your gums may bleed when you brush your teeth and you may have bad breath. This early stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis.If gingivitis is not treated, a condition called periodontitis can develop. This affects the tissues that support teeth and hold them in place.If periodontitis is not treated, the bone in your jaw may be damaged and small spaces can open up between the gum and teeth. Your teeth can become loose and may eventually fall out.

Gastric Bypass Surgery

Gastric bypass surgery is a type of weight loss surgery. There are risks with gastric bypass, so the decision should be made carefully and with the approval of your doctor. However, gastric bypass can be very effective in helping people lose a lot of weight quickly. Follow the links below to find WebMD's comprehensive coverage about how gastric bypass is done, pros and cons, recovery, cost, and much more.


Gout, a condition caused by a buildup of uric acid in joints and other areas of the body, is a kind of arthritis. It can cause an attack of sudden burning pain, stiffness, and swelling in a joint, usually a big toe. These attacks can happen over and over unless gout is treated. Over time, they can harm your joints, tendons, and other tissues. Follow the links below to find WebMD's comprehensive coverage about how gout is contracted, what it looks like, how to treat it, and much more.