The following lifestyle advice is usually recommended to help you stay healthy after akidney transplant.
If you smoke, it's strongly recommended that you stop as soon as possible because smoking can reduce the life of your new kidney and can increase your risk of developing some types of cancer.
The NHS Smokefree website can provide support and advice to help you stop, and your GPcan also recommend and prescribetreatments that can help. See facts about salt for more information and advice.
Once you've started to recover from the effects of surgery, you should try to do regular physical activity.
Adults should do at least 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) of moderate-intensity exercise every week. This includes any activity that increases your heart and breathing rate it may make you sweat, but are still able to hold a normal conversation.
Choose physical activities that you enjoy, as you're more likely to continue doing them.
It's unrealistic to meet these exercise targets immediately if you have not exercised much in the past. You should aim to start gradually and then build on it.
If you're overweight or obese, you should try to achieve a healthy weight. This can be safely done through a combination of eating a healthy, calorie-controlled diet and regular exercise. Aim for a body mass index (BMI) of 18.5 to 25.
Being overweight will also increase your blood pressure. Some medications could be potentially harmful if you have had a kidney transplant and are taking immunosuppressant medication.
If you have a kidney transplant, you'll usually need to take immunosuppressant medications for the rest of your life to prevent your body's immune system from attacking the new kidney.
Widely used immunosuppressants include tacrolimus, ciclosporin, azathioprine, mycophenolate, prednisolone and sirolimus.
However, taking immunosuppressive medications on a long-term basis will weaken your immune system and make you more vulnerable to infections, so you'll need to takeextra precautions against infection:
Make sure your vaccinations are up to date, although you won't be able to have any vaccines that contain live viruses, such as the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine .
If you think you may have an infection, contact your GP or transplant centre for advice. Prompt treatment may be required to prevent serious complications developing.
Symptoms of infection can include:
Read about kidney transplants, including who can have them, what they involve and what the risks are.
Read about waiting for a kidney transplant, including how long the average wait is, how donor kidneys are allocated, and where you might go for your transplant.
Read about what happens during a kidney transplant, including what to do when you're contacted by the transplant centre and what the procedure involves.
Healthy lifestyle tips for people who have had a kidney transplant, including dietary advice and information about the medication you'll need to take.
Read about the main risks of a kidney transplant, including those associated with the procedure itself, plus the medication you need to take and potential problems with the kidney itself.
Ivy Ashworth-Crees talks about how much better her life is since her double kidney and pancreas transplant.
When Dr Carole Angeldonated akidneytoher brother, Paul Whitaker, she was able to go home just 48 hours after surgery.
Double kidney transplant recipient Riminder Dosanjhspentfour years waiting for a transplantwith no kidneys in her body at all.