A migraine is characterized as an intermittent pulsative pain on one side of the head. While migraine is a fairly common symptom, which affects women more so than men. The onset of migraines usually occurs in early adulthood, and rarely after 40 years of age.
Factors which may trigger to the onset of a migraine spell include:
Migraines may be accompanied by symptoms such as:
Migraine is further divided into specific types, including:
Aura and other symptoms may be experienced without a headache developing.
In cases of migraines with aura, the prodromal phase (relating to or denoting the period between the appearance of initial symptoms and the full development of the headache).
Symptoms appearing 24 to 48 hours in advance:
Symptoms appearing 2 to 3 hours in advance:
Migraines can last from a few hours to 72 hours. The interval between migraines differs from patient to patient, ranging from 2 to 3 weeks, every 2 weeks, every month, etc. Migraines may also occur in women, as part of the premenstrual syndrome.
Treatment of migraines:
Prevention of migraines:
Especially in female patients, migraine attacks occur less frequently with the passage of time.
It is helpful for patient to understand that migraine is an inherited tendency headache; that migraine can be modified and controlled by lifestyle adjustments and medications, but it can not be eradicated.
Most patients benefit by the identification and avoidance of specific headache triggers.
A regulated lifestyle is helpful, including:
Since the stresses of everyday living can not be eliminated,various techniques are helpful for many patients.
These may include:
Migraine therapy should be used as soon as possible after the onset of an attack. When all fails, simple putting the patient to sleep can solve the problem at least temporarily.
Benzodiazepins are used among other options to facilitate sleep.
Preventive therapies include:
Many food triggers may be not potent enough to cause migraine alone, but in combination with other partial triggers, a patient may be pushed over their personal migraine threshold and experience episodic or continuous symptoms.
Patient with migraine should be encouraged to reduce known migraine food triggers in their diet such as:
Food triggers of migraine fall into three general groups:
For patient with more frequent symptoms it is better to use a daily medicine to reduce the frequency and intensity of symptoms.
The supplements that have the best evidence of effectiveness are :
Sinus headaches are usually associated with constant pain and tenderness over the affected sinus. You may feel pressure around eyes, cheeks and forehead. The mucosa of the nose swells, the patient secretes foul-smelling, colored mucous (nasal discharge).
Headaches are one of the most common health complaints, but most aren't serious and are easily treated. In many cases, you can treat your headaches at home with over-the-counter painkillers and lifestyle changes, such as getting more rest and drinking enough fluids.
Headaches are an important public health issue that impact the lives of a significant of the world’s population, affecting patients with severe pain, nausea and sometimes visual impairment. Common headache types include tension headaches, cluster headaches, rebound headaches, sinus headache, and migraine.
Vascular headaches refer to a group of headache conditions such as migraine headaches, cluster headaches and toxic headaches. Under this classification are usually headaches throbbing in character, pulsating and physical exertion increasing the pain.
A migraine is characterized as an intermittent pulsative pain on one side of the head. While migraine is a fairly common symptom, which affects women more so than men. The onset of migraines usually occurs in early adulthood, and rarely after 40 years of age. Migraines may be accompanied by symptoms such as; Photosensitivity, Enhanced sensitivity to sound, Nausea, Vomiting.
These headaches are usually felt in the back of the head (occipital region). Patients may experience also headaches when they undergo hypertension treatment. Some of the medications used to treat hypertension can cause headaches.
Intracranial hypertension (IH) is the medical name for a build-up of pressure around the brain. It can come on suddenly for example, as the result of a severe head injury, stroke, or brain abscess. One of the most common symptoms of intracranial hypertension is headache. The cause of intracranial hypertension is unknown.
Rebound Headaches are a type of headaches caused by long term use of analgesic agents. These analgesics may decrease the intensity of pain for a few hours. The rebound headache may feel like a dull, tension-type headache or a more severe migraine like headache.
Headaches due to Neuralgia or Neuritis are severe types of intermittent pain, which are localized in the area of the affected nerve. These conditions include trigeminal neuralgia and other conditions.
Morbus Horton is a vascular disease characterized by the inflammation of blood vessels. The intensity of pain is mild. The pain is located in the temporal region and the vessels in that area can be tender.
Many acute viral infections can cause headache as a response of the immune system combating the viral infection. Headache may be associated with viral infections that affect the upper respiratory tract (common cold), brain and its coverings (encephalitis and meningitis) or ear (otitis).
Usually this is a type of short, bursting, stabbing pain felt in the part of the head which bears the infected ear. The diagnosis is usually determined upon an examination of the ear by a specialist.
Headache due to Toxic Substances are headaches that may be caused by carbon monoxide poisoning, benzol, nitroglycerine, etc. This type of headache may also be experienced if the patient is suffering from conditions such as, kidney disease, diabetes, metabolic conditions, etc.
Following a lumbar puncture, the patient may develop a headache. This type of pain may be bearable, moderate or severe. It may spread from the head to the neck, and further down the patientÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s back. This type of pain is alleviated when the patient lies down, or puts their feet up.
This type of pain occurs during the night or early in the morning. The headache can be an early or late symptom of a brain tumor, depending from the location of the tumor. Most brain tumors are accompanied by neurological symptoms such as; seizures, personality change or weakness.
These headaches occur as a result of an inflammatory process, like for example Meningitis (inflammation of the meninges, lining layers of the brain) or due to another condition such as a sub-arachnoid hemorrhage. Diagnosis is confirmed via lumbar puncture.
These are types of headaches which occur more rarely. These are headaches caused by dental conditions. The pain is not throbbing nor is it intermittent.