Encephalitisneeds tobe treated urgently. Treatment involves tackling the underlying cause, relieving symptoms and supporting bodily functions.
It's treated in hospital usually in an intensive care unit (ICU) , whichis for people who are very ill and need extra care.
How long someone with encephalitis needs to stay in hospital can range from a few days to several weeks or even months.
Thisdepends on howwell treatment works and if any complications of encephalitis occur.
If a cause of encephalitis is found, treatment to deal with this will start immediately.
Possible treatments include:
If there's no treatment for the underlying cause, treatment is givento support thebody, relieve symptoms,and allow the best chance of recovery (see below).
Encephalitis puts a lot of strain on the body and can cause a range of unpleasant symptoms.
Most people need treatment to relieve these symptoms and to support certain bodily functions until they're feeling better.
This may involve:
Occasionally,surgery to remove a small piece of the skull may be needed if the pressure inside increases and medication isn't helping.
Find out about encephalitis, a rare but serious condition that causes inflammation of the brain.
Find out about the main signs and symptoms of encephalitis, and when to get medical advice.
Find out about the main causes of encephalitis, including viral infections and problems with the immune system.
Find out about the tests that may need to be carried out to diagnose encephalitis, including brain scans and a lumbar puncture.
Find out how and where encephalitis is treated.
Find out about the further problems that can occur after encephalitis, and what help and support is available.