The symptoms of encephalitis can havea number ofpossible causes, so several tests may be needed to diagnose it.
The main tests used are outlined below.
A scan of the brain can help show whether you have encephalitis or another problem such as a Heat exhaustion and heatstroke , brain tumour or brain aneurysm (a swelling in an artery).
The two main types of scan used are:
A lumbar puncture is a procedure to removesome fluid from around the spinal cord (the nerves running upthe spine)so it can be checked for signs of encephalitis.
For the procedure:
Thesample will be checked for signs of infection or a problem with your immune system, which are the main causes of encephalitis .
Several other tests may also be needed to help diagnose encephalitis and check for an underlying cause.
These may include:
Find out about encephalitis, a rare but serious condition that causes inflammation of the brain.
Find out about the main signs and symptoms of encephalitis, and when to get medical advice.
Find out about the main causes of encephalitis, including viral infections and problems with the immune system.
Find out about the tests that may need to be carried out to diagnose encephalitis, including brain scans and a lumbar puncture.
Find out how and where encephalitis is treated.
Find out about the further problems that can occur after encephalitis, and what help and support is available.